Microbiology Application Steps
Microbiology is a discipline that contains lots of subdivision that can be divided into two main branches: “pure” microbiology with taxonomy subdivisions (bacteriology, virology, parasitology, mycology...) and applied sciences as pharmaceutical microbiology which aims to study microorganisms related to the production of antibiotics, vaccines..., environmental microbiology or medical microbiology that study pathogens and their roles into human illness.
Significant Events in Microbiology
Anton van Leeuwenhoek reported the discovery of micro-organisms.
Louis Pasteur demonstrated that fermentation is caused by the growth of micro-organisms, and the emergent growth of bacteria in nutrient broths is due not to spontaneous generation, but rather to biogenesis. 
Martinus Beijerinck discovered viruses and developped enrichment culture techniques. 
Robert Koch was the first to demonstrate that bacteria Bacillus anthracis was the germ that cause the disease Anthrax. 
Hans Christian Gram developed a new staining technique which will become the standard in bacteriology. 
Petri Dish has been invented by R.J. Petri, a German bacteriologist. 
Penicillin antibiotics were the first drugs to be effective against many previously serious diseases, such as syphilis and were discovered by Alexander Fleming. 
Edouard Chatton developed the subdivision between eukaryotic and prokaryotic systems of cellular organisation. 
Lowff exposed the fundamental characteristic which differentiates bacteria and viruses .
- Biblia Naturae (2011, reproduction of a book published before 1923, by Jan Swammerdam (Author) , Herman Boerhaave (Author) , Hieronymus David Gaubius (Creator), Nabu Press, ISBN-10: 1272225054
- Wainwright, Milton (2003). An Alternative View of the Early History of Microbiology. "Advances in Applied Microbiology Volume 52". Advances in applied microbiology. Advances in Applied Microbiology 52: 333–55.
- Johnson J (2001) . "Martinus Willem Beijerinck". APSnet. American Phytopathological Society. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
- Koch, R. (1876) "Untersuchungen über Bakterien: V. Die Ätiologie der Milzbrand-Krankheit, begründet auf die Entwicklungsgeschichte des Bacillus anthracis" (Investigations into bacteria: V. The etiology of anthrax, based on the ontogenesis ofBacillus anthracis), Cohns Beitrage zur Biologie der Pflanzen, vol. 2, no. 2, pages 277–310
- Gram, HC (1884). "Über die isolierte Färbung der Schizomyceten in Schnitt- und Trockenpräparaten". Fortschritte der Medizin (in German) 2: 185–189..
- Peter Voswinckel (2001) (in German). "Petri, Julius Richard ". In Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB). 20. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot. pp. 263 et seq.
- Bactériologie Médicale, Azèle Ferron, Edition 1994, ISBN 2-85510.038.0
For research starting from tissues, you have to isolate your cells of interest.
This first step can be done mechanically or chemically.
Then, cell separation which is a powerful tool, widely used in biological and biomedical research as well as clinical therapy allow to sort cells into distinct populations.
This step enables, from a heterogeneous population, the study of a specific cell type isolated without contamination from other cell types.
The three core themes shared by all cell separation techniques are:
- antibody binding
- Cell density gradient media
- Centrifuge tubes
- Chemically isolated solutions
- Fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS)
- Magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS)
- Mechanically isolation solutions
In order to help you to achieve breakthroughs in cell Biology, Fisher Scientific is providing product solutions at every stage of your cell culture process.
A wide range of best-in-class products allow you to overcome obstacles and to help you work more productively and more efficiently:
- Biological safety cabinet to preserve samples from contamination
- CO2 incubators, sterile consumables and cell culture reagents to ensure consistent growth
- Microscopes to allow visualization of your cells.
- Biological Safety Cabinets
- Carbon Dioxide Incubators
- Cell Culture Consumables
- Cell Lines
- Counting Devices
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- Supplements & Reagents
Fisher Scientific offers a broad range of solutions to help you understand the factors underlining cell function and health.
Diverse products like probes, antibodies, instruments will allow you to visualize cells, proteins and improve your flow cytometry experiments.
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Cell line and tissue samples are precious— in many cases, unique—representing a significant investment of time and expertise.
Protecting that investment is important and our storage solutions are here to help you
- Cryogenic storage accessories
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